September 24, 2016

Who is your teacher?

Luke 6: 40 King James Version (KJV)

The disciple is not above his master: but every one that is perfect shall be as his master

Luke 6
V 1–11: SENSIBLE SABBATHS: CHRIST REPROVETH THE PHARISEES 'BLINDNESS' ABOUT THE OBSERVATION OF THE SABBATH, BY SCRIPTURE, REASON, AND MIRACLE: The desire of Jesus is to rid legitimate Sabbath observance from the hypocrisy of the Pharisees, and make it the special God-honouring day it should be. This is shown on another Sabbath when He walks through the grain fields with His disciples, who rub in their hands the heads of grain just picked and eat them. He appeals to David’s Old Testament examples showing that a sensible observance of the Sabbath does not preclude preparing or eating necessary food. He reminds people that He is still the ‘Lord of the Sabbath’. He then proceeds to heal a man with a withered hand on the Sabbath day, reminding His hearers that it is a good use of God’s special day to do good and to save life, despite the opposition and rage of the scribes and Pharisees. 

V 12–16: DRAWING DISCIPLES: CHOOSETH TWELVE APOSTLES: Jesus prays all night on a mountain before calling His disciples by name to Himself so that He may choose twelve of them as apostles. 

V 17–19: COMING CROWD: HEALETH THE DISEASED: Crowds of people from all over come to see Him, to hear Him, and to be healed by Him. His healing them all and His teaching are evidence of the power that He possesses as the Son of God. 

V 20–26: PRIORITY PRINCIPLES: PREACHETH TO HIS DISCIPLES BEFORE THE PEOPLE OF BLESSINGS AND CURSES: Jesus underlines, through beatitudes and warnings, the principles that bless His disciples and the woes that come to those who are self-sufficient and who seek satisfaction from the world. There is a progression of blessing from being poor in spirit and hungering for God, through to suffering persecution for God’s sake. 

V 27–36: LEARNING LOVE: HOW WE MUST LOVE OUR ENEMIES: Jesus teaches that love includes caring for enemies and those who are hateful, being graciously generous, doing good to others, and being merciful as the Father in heaven is merciful. A Christian’s love should be far greater than that of others. 

V 37–42: JUDGING JUSTLY Jesus warns against an over-critical spirit and tells His disciples that those who are generous will be treated generously. He warns them about the stupidity of seeking to lead other people, when they themselves are so blinded by their own faults that they cannot see properly. He also tells them to put right the obvious wrong in their own lives before looking at details that displease them in the lives of others. The planks in their own eyes must be removed before they attend to the specks in other people’s eyes. 

V 43–45: FRUIT FOLLOWS Just as trees and vines are known by their fruit, so a man’s heart is known by what he says and does. Evil conduct comes from an evil heart. 

V 46–49: CATASTROPHIC CONTRAST: JOIN THE OBEDIENCE OF GOOD WORKS TO THE HEARING OF THE WORD: LEST IN THE EVIL DAY OF TEMPTATION WE FALL LIKE AN HOUSE BUILT UPON THE FACE OF THE EARTH, WITHOUT ANY FOUDATION: Jesus talks about foundations. A house with solid foundations built on a rock will stand in the storm, and one without foundations that is not built on the rock will fall and be ruined. So it is with those who either trust or mistrust the words of Christ. Eternal blessing or eternal ruin is at stake. Only those built securely on Christ, the Rock, will survive God’s storm of eternal judgement on sin.

■ Matthew 12:10–27. Withered (shriveled): Luke 6 shows that this incident occurred on a different Sabbath. However, the objection of the Pharisees on this occasion was ultimately the same. They were in opposition to JESUS healing on the Sabbath. The reference to 'their synagogue' (v9) indicates that in this particular synagogue the Pharisees were predominant.

■ Words of blessing and woe:
Luke 6:17–49. This may be Luke’s version of the Sermon on the Mount (Matt. 5–7). Or it may be similar teaching drawn from a different setting. In a three-year ministry Jesus would probably not give many presentations on the same theme.

■ Luke 6:40. Perfect here refers to the state of being “fully trained” in accordance with a teacher’s instruction. Sinless perfection is not in view...

1 Peter 3: 14 

Jesus answered and said unto her, Whosoever drinketh of this water shall thirst again:

 But whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life. ~John 4:13-14

John 7: 24 

■ John 6:67. Here is the first mention of the twelve in John’s gospel (cf. Mark 3; Luke 6). Only five of them have been named thus far: John, Andrew, Peter, Philip, and Nathanael (vv. 68, 69). Perhaps this is John's account of the confession of Simon Peter at Caesarea Philippi (cf. Matt. 16: 16)

John 6:67

Matt 16: 16


John 5: 18

Ps 2: 7

How we must love our enemies:
Luke 6:27-36King James Version (KJV)

27 But I say unto you which hear, Love your enemies, do good to them which hate you,

28 Bless them that curse you, and pray for them which despitefully use you.

29 And unto him that smiteth thee on the one cheek offer also the other; and him that taketh away thy cloak forbid not to take thy coat also.

30 Give to every man that asketh of thee; and of him that taketh away thy goods ask them not again.

31 And as ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise.

32 For if ye love them which love you, what thank have ye? for sinners also love those that love them.

33 And if ye do good to them which do good to you, what thank have ye? for sinners also do even the same.

34 And if ye lend to them of whom ye hope to receive, what thank have ye? for sinners also lend to sinners, to receive as much again.

35 But love ye your enemies, and do good, and lend, hoping for nothing again; and your reward shall be great, and ye shall be the children of the Highest: for he is kind unto the unthankful and to the evil.

36 Be ye therefore merciful, as your Father also is merciful.

Luke 6:46 King James Version (KJV)
46 And why call ye me, LORD, LORD, and do not the things which I say?

The process by which believers are conformed to the likeness of Jesus Christ, especially in relation to obedience to and trust in God. Through the Holy Spirit, God refashions believers in the image of his Son, who is set before them as a model of the form of the redeemed life.

Believers are to become Christlike
1Co 11:1; Php 2:5 Paul is arguing that believers must allow God to make them Christlike, which is the natural goal of their process of growing in faith. Christlikeness is not achieved by people merely trying to imitate Jesus Christ, but by God making believers more like his Son in sanctification, through the Spirit. See also Jn 13:15; Ro 8:29; Eph 4:11-13; Php 3:8-11,20-21; 1Jn 2:6

The Holy Spirit makes believers Christlike

2Co 3:18 See also Ro 8:5-9; Gal 5:22-23; 1Th 1:6

Christlikeness is the aim of discipleship

Mt 10:25 See also Lk 6:40; 1Jn 2:6

Christlikeness is based on total commitment to Jesus Christ

Lk 9:57-62 See also Mt 9:9 pp Mk 2:14 pp Lk 5:27; Mt 19:21 pp Lk 18:22; Jn 1:43; Jn 10:27; Jn 12:26; Jn 15:10; 2Jn 9

The demonstration of Christlikeness

In costly sacrifice Mk 8:34-35 pp Mt 16:24 pp Lk 9:23-24 1Pe 2:21-23 See also Mt 10:38; Lk 14:26-27; Jn 12:26; Jn 21:19; Php 3:10; 1Pe 4:1

In humility and service Mt 20:26-28 pp Mk 10:43-45 See also Mt 11:29; Mk 9:35; Lk 22:24-26; Jn 13:14-15; Php 2:4-5

In love for other believers Jn 15:12; 1Jn 3:16 See also Jn 13:34; Jn 15:17; Eph 5:2,25

In a readiness to forgive others Col 3:13 See also Mt 6:12 pp Lk 11:4

In sharing Jesus Christ’s mission to the world Mt 4:19 pp Mk 1:17 See also Jn 20:21

By following godly examples that imitate Jesus Christ 1Co 11:1 See also Eph 5:1; 1Th 1:5-6; 1Th 2:14; Heb 6:12; Heb 13:7-8; 3Jn 11

Christlikeness is part of God’s re-creation

Ge 1:26-27; 2Co 4:4; Eph 4:24; Col 3:10

The process of becoming Christlike

It is the purpose for which believers are saved Ro 8:28-29 See also Eph 2:10; 2Pe 1:4

It continues in the experience of believers 2Co 3:18

It will be complete when believers finally share Jesus Christ’s glory 1Jn 3:2-3 See also Ps 17:15; Jn 17:24; 1Co 15:49-53; Gal 4:19; Php 3:20-21; Col 3:4; 1Jn 4:17

...and join the obedience of good works to the hearing of the Word: lest in the evil day of temptation we fall like an house built upon the face of the earth, without any foudation...

■ Christians are not to take personal revenge but, following Jesus Christ’s example, are to entrust themselves to God

Put your sword back into its place.Jesus did not bring His kingdom with force, like earthly kings.